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May 11, 2022 4 min read


The secret to producing a perfect baked good boils down to two factors: numbers and ingredients. You may become a master baker in no time if you have the perfect numerical balance (this is where meticulously following the recipe comes in) and the right high-quality ingredients.

While stocking a pantry to become a baking guru may seem daunting at first, the good news is that most of the key ingredients come in bulk, are non-perishable, and long-lasting—so once you've stocked up on an ingredient, it'll likely provide multiple batches of cakes, cookies, muffins, and other baked goods.

Whether you're a new baker learning the ropes or a seasoned veteran seeking to keep your pantry up to date, these are the essential items every baker should have on hand at all times.


1) Flour


A brown paper bag filled with flour sitting on a marble countertop with a white vase behind

Credit: Getty Images


This includes all flours, but if you want a shortlist of essential flours to keep on hand, we recommend all-purpose flour, whole wheat flour, and bread flours. Make sure these three types of flour are always on hand in your cupboard, and any additional flours — cake flour, gluten-free flours, finely ground corn flour, bread flour, etc — are just pleasant extras.


2) Salt


A glass salt cellar filled with salt sitting on a brown wooden table top

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The best way to balance the flavor of your baked goods is to use plain, old iodized table salt. Some bakers, however, may prefer to use kosher salt or sea salt, depending on the recipe.


3) Baking Soda


Baking powder on a wooden spoon sitting on a black surface

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Baking soda is a base, meaning it must react with an acid to produce carbon dioxide, which is what gives baked goods their flavor. As a result, baking soda is frequently used along with other ingredients such as natural cocoa powder, lemon juice, cream of tartar, yogurt, and so on.


4) Baking Powder


A tin of Baking Powder with some on a yellow teaspoon sitting on a marble countertop

Credit: Serious Eats


Baking powder causes cakes to rise. Bicarbonate of soda and cream of tartar are the two main ingredients that it is made up of. With the addition of moisture, cream of tartar activates the bicarbonate of soda, causing it to emit carbon dioxide and aerate the cake. It's popular in baking, particularly in creamed cakes.


5) Butter


An open block of butter that has been cut into slices sitting on a wooden chopping board

Credit: iStock


Butter is what brings it all together, adding richness and texture to soft, buttery, flaky bakes, be they cakes or pastries like shortcrust pastries. Although baking with unsalted butter is favored, using salted butter isn't a bad idea. When added to a baked good, the salt in the butter brings out the flavors brilliantly.


6) Dairy


A glass filled with milk sitting next to a bottle of milk on a muslin cloth

Credit: TOI


Many wonderful baked items call for sour cream, yogurt, or buttermilk, but plain old milk—2% or higher—is the must-have diary for baking (whole milk is preferable). You can replace a lot of other dairy components with milk as a base.

Cream cheese isn't a must-have, but it's worth stocking up on because it's beneficial in a range of recipes, doesn't have a convenient substitute, and has a long shelf life. It's also a good idea to have a can of evaporated milk on hand; it can be used in place of heavy cream in most recipes(however, it cannot be used to make whipped cream.).


7) Sugar


A wooden spoon sitting inside a wooden spoon with brown, white and caramel colored sugar and the different ways you can buy themf sugar

Credit: Dream79


Granulated sugar is used in most baking recipes, but it's also a good idea to have brown sugar, white sugar, dark brown sugar, coconut sugar, and powdered sugar on hand. For chocolate chip cookies, brown sugar is a requirement! In addition, all buttercream recipes require powdered sugar. Sweeteners like corn syrup and maple syrup are also recommended.


8) Eggs


A basket of fresh light and darker brown eggs sitting on a table

Credit: AbleStock


Eggs, like flour, are essential in baking because they provide baked goods structure and texture. As a binding agent, eggs are frequently utilized. They keep a mixture together after it's baked so it doesn't crumble or fall apart.

The tastiest eggs come from free-range chickens. These eggs are free of hormones and other potentially harmful compounds found in eggs from chicken farms or factories. They're typically found at farmer markets or from your neighborhood farmer.


9) Cinnamon


A bowl of powdered cinnamon with sticks on the side sitting on a white bowl

Credit: Westend61


This is a commonly used spice that is utilized in both savory and sweet foods. You can use both cinnamon sticks and ground cinnamon to give your pastries a unique aroma and flavor.


10) Vegetable Oil


Clear fresh oil being poured from the bottle to a spoon to a bowl with rosemary and black olives in the foreground

Credit: iStock


Vegetable oil, which has a neutral flavor, is an essential element in many recipes and is also excellent for pre-baking pan oiling. Canola oil, a somewhat healthier variety of vegetable oil manufactured from rapeseed, can be used in recipes interchangeably and will provide the same texture.


11) Cacao Powder and Chocolate


Cacao powder in a glass bowl with some dark chocolate on the side.

Credit: EyeEm


Most sweet-toothed folks adore chocolate. It is, aside from fruits, the most commonly used ingredient in pastries. You can use cooking chocolate/chocolate chips or cacao powder depending on the recipe. Cacao powder is used as a dry ingredient while cooking chocolate is used as a melted ingredient. We recommend investing in some high-quality cacao powder and chocolate - you'll notice the difference!

For a richer, less sweet flavor, use dark cooking chocolate instead of milk chocolate, and be sure you use unsweetened cacao powder.


12) Vanilla Extract


Vanilla extract in a bottle and on a spoon with some vanilla sticks on the side and a vanilla flower in the background

Credit: The Cold Wire


When it comes to stocking your baking cupboard, pure vanilla extract is a must-have. Everything you prepare becomes richer and more flavorful with it. We recommend using pure vanilla extract, not imitation. It is not cheap, but it's well worth it.


13) Nuts


Various bowls of different nuts that you can use in your baking

Credit: MyRecipes


It's useful to have a few common baking nuts on hand, such as pecans, walnuts, almonds, hazelnuts, and pistachios. Refrigerate them to keep them fresh (you can store them in the freezer as well).


14) Dried Fruits


Four spoons holding currants, sultanas and raisins on a tabletop

Credit: AlekZotoff


If you enjoy fruit cakes, having a bag of currants, sultanas, and raisins on hand is a must. There are many other dried fruits to choose from, so stock up on what you need or customize a recipe using your favorites.

 Pantry Essentials Infographics




You'll never go wrong with these essential baking ingredients, whether you're cooking a classic family favorite or a brand-new recipe.

You may start stocking your baking pantry and refrigerator now that you know which ingredients you should have on hand, so you'll be ready to make something sweet and delicious at any time!


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