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April 25, 2023 9 min read


Blenders are a common go-to kitchen tool for quickly processing foods, from fruits to vegetables. However, there's an old-age alternative that can be even more effective in some cases: the mortar and pestle. This centuries-old technique has been used by cooks and chefs for millennia to grind and mix ingredients. Though it requires more manual effort than using an electric blender, the benefits of using a mortar and pestle can make it well worth the extra work. 

In this blog post, we will explore the advantages of embracing this traditional grinding method, and why you should consider incorporating it into your cooking routine.


The Benefits of Using a Mortar and Pestle Instead of a Blender


wooden mortar and pestle

Credit: Envato Elements/ klenova


When it comes to grinding and mixing ingredients, a mortar and pestle can offer several advantages over an electric blender. Here are some of the benefits of using this traditional tool in your kitchen: 


1) Better Control Over Texture


With a blender or food processor, it's easy to overprocess your ingredients and end up with a smoothie or puree that's too thin or too thick. With a mortar and pestle, you have more control over the texture of your ingredients. You can choose how finely you want to grind or mash them, resulting in a more nuanced and textured final product. 


2) Enhanced Flavor Profile


Blenders, with their high-speed blades, can produce heat that may alter the taste of your ingredients. On the other hand, a mortar and pestle offer a more flavor-preserving approach. The slower, gentler grinding process helps maintain the natural oils and aromas within the ingredients, leading to more flavorful and aromatic results. 


3) Versatile


Mortar and pestles are incredibly versatile tools. They can be used for grinding spices, making pesto, crushing garlic, making guacamole, and much more. With a food processor, you are limited to pureeing or chopping ingredients. While this can be useful for certain recipes, it can be limiting if you want to create a variety of textures or if you want to use the tool for multiple purposes.


4) Retains Nutrients


Blenders can also destroy some of the nutrients in your ingredients. The high speed of the blades can create heat and friction, which can cause some of the nutrients to break down. With a mortar and pestle, you are grinding the ingredients in a more gentle manner, which helps to preserve the nutrients. This can be particularly important if you are using fresh herbs or other delicate ingredients.


5) Less Cleanup


Using a blender can mean a lot of parts to clean and maintain, from the blades to the pitcher. With a mortar and pestle, cleanup is minimal. All you need to do is rinse the mortar and pestle under running water, and you're good to go.


6) Provides a Hands-On Cooking Experience


A mortar and pestle provide a more hands-on cooking experience than a blender. With this tool, you get to feel the ingredients as you grind them, and you have more control over the texture and consistency of your final product. This can be a fun and satisfying way to cook, as you get to connect with the food you are preparing.


7) More Sustainable


Not only are mortar and pestles great for achieving better control and flavor in your food, but they are also a more sustainable way to prepare ingredients. Unlike electric blenders and other appliances, these tools do not require any energy to operate, reducing your carbon footprint and overall reliance on electricity. Additionally, mortar and pestles are typically made from natural materials that can be recycled or composted at the end of their lifespan, making them a more sustainable choice for your kitchen.


8) Aesthetic Appeal and Tradition


While blenders offer convenience and efficiency, they often lack the rustic charm and traditional appeal that a mortar and pestle bring to your kitchen. Mortar and pestle sets serve as both functional tools and visually appealing display pieces with their timeless design and historical significance. This sense of connection to the past enriches your overall cooking experience.


How to Use a Mortar and Pestle


hands using mortar and pestle

Credit: Envato Elements/ LightFieldStudios


For those who are used to using a blender, using a mortar and pestle may seem intimidating at first. But fear not, with a bit of practice, you'll soon become a pro. Here are some basic steps to get you started: 


Step 1: Prepare Your Ingredients

  • Select the ingredients you wish to grind or crush.
  • If you are working with spices, it's best to add them individually to ensure even grinding.
  • To make the grinding process easier, consider cutting larger ingredients into smaller pieces. In the case of fruits and vegetables, don't forget to remove any stems and peel them before grinding.


Step 2: Hold the Mortar and Pestle

  • Hold the pestle firmly in your dominant hand.
  • Use your other hand to hold the mortar steady to prevent it from moving while grinding.
  • Ensure a comfortable and secure grip on both the mortar and pestle for better control during the grinding process.


Step 3: Start Grinding 

  • Begin grinding the ingredients using a circular motion.
  • Apply gentle but firm pressure to break down the ingredients.
  • Be mindful of the pressure and speed of your grinding to achieve the desired consistency, whether coarse or fine.
  • Adjust your technique as needed, such as using a rocking motion for harder ingredients or a tapping motion to dislodge stuck particles.


Step 4: Monitor the Consistency

  • Periodically check the progress of your grinding to ensure you reach the desired texture.
  • Take note of the aroma released by the ingredients, as this can be an indicator of how well the grinding process is going.
  • If necessary, adjust your grinding technique to achieve a more uniform consistency.


Step 5: Transfer the Ground Ingredients

  • Once you've achieved the desired consistency, carefully transfer the ground ingredients to your recipe using a small spoon or spatula.
  • Be sure to scrape the sides and bottom of the mortar to collect all the flavorful particles.
  • Rinse the mortar and pestle with warm water after each use to remove any residual ingredients and prevent cross-contamination.


Tips for Using a Mortar and Pestle


granite mortar and pestle with spices

Credit: Envato Elements/ LightFieldStudios


To maximize the effectiveness of your mortar and pestle, follow these tips and tricks:


1) Select the Appropriate Size


The appropriate size of your mortar and pestle set depends on the kind of ingredients you intend to grind or mix. For instance, if your goal is to grind herbs or create pesto, it would be more practical to use a larger mortar and pestle. This is because a larger set offers a larger surface area, making it simpler to crush and grind larger ingredients. Alternatively, if you plan to grind spices or nuts, a smaller mortar and pestle would be ideal.


2) Choose the Right Material


Mortar and pestles are crafted from a variety of materials, each with its unique characteristics and potential effects on your ingredients. The material you choose can influence the taste, texture, and overall quality of your ground ingredients, making it crucial to select a set that complements the ingredients you'll be working with. Here are some common materials and their features:



  • Often made from granite or marble, stone mortar and pestles are durable and heavy, providing excellent stability and grinding efficiency.
  • The rough surface of a stone mortar and pestle allows for effective grinding and crushing of both hard and soft ingredients.
  • This material is ideal for grinding spices, garlic, seeds, and nuts, and making pastes or sauces.



  • Ceramic mortar and pestles are non-porous, smooth, and easy to clean, making them suitable for grinding ingredients that may leave stains or strong odors.
  • Although not as durable as stone, ceramic mortar and pestles are still quite effective for grinding various ingredients, including spices and herbs.
  • Some ceramic mortar and pestles may have a glazed surface, which can be less effective for grinding. Look for ones with unglazed interiors for better results.



  • Wooden mortar and pestles have a more rustic appearance and are typically lighter than stone or ceramic options.
  • They are great for crushing softer ingredients, such as herbs or garlic, but may not be as effective for grinding harder ingredients like spices or seeds.
  • Wood is porous, so it can absorb flavors and odors. It's essential to clean and dry wooden mortar and pestles thoroughly to prevent contamination and unwanted flavors in future uses.


Glass or Porcelain

  • Glass or porcelain mortar and pestles are non-porous, making them easy to clean and resistant to staining or odor absorption.
  • These materials are more delicate than stone or ceramic, so they are better suited for grinding softer ingredients or crushing pills.
  • Due to their smooth surfaces, glass or porcelain mortar and pestles may require more effort to achieve the desired consistency for certain ingredients.


3) Clean Your Mortar and Pestle After Each Use


It is crucial to clean your mortar and pestle thoroughly after every use to eliminate any residue, prevent contamination, and increase its longevity. When cleaning, refrain from using harsh cleaning agents or abrasive tools that could potentially harm the tool's surface. After cleaning, make sure to dry your mortar and pestle entirely before storing it in a cool, dry place to prevent the growth of mold or mildew.


4) Grind in Batches for Consistency and Control


Grinding in smaller batches when using a mortar and pestle can provide numerous benefits, especially when working with large quantities of ingredients. This approach enables enhanced control and precision over the pressure, speed, and motion used during the process, resulting in a consistent texture across all portions. 

Breaking your ingredients into smaller batches also prevents overcrowding the mortar, which can lead to uneven grinding and difficulty in achieving the desired consistency. Additionally, smaller batches make it easier to adjust the flavor profile of your recipe by experimenting with ingredient ratios or adding new components.


5) Layer the Ingredients


Layering ingredients strategically in the mortar is essential when working with multiple components. This approach not only ensures an even distribution of flavors and textures throughout your recipe but also enhances the overall quality of your dish.

To effectively layer ingredients, begin with the hardest components, such as seeds, nuts, or spices, and grind them to the desired consistency. This initial step helps break down the tougher ingredients and prepares them for the incorporation of softer components. Next, add softer ingredients like herbs, garlic, or vegetables, which will more easily blend with the pre-ground hard ingredients, creating a harmonious mixture. By layering ingredients in this manner, you can efficiently grind and combine each component, ultimately achieving the perfect balance of flavors and textures in your recipe. 


Mortar and Pestle Recipes and Ideas


hands using mortar and pestle with lots of spices and herbs

Credit: Envato Elements/ LightFieldStudios


A mortar and pestle is an incredibly versatile kitchen tool, capable of transforming a wide variety of ingredients into delicious and unique creations. By experimenting with different recipes and ideas, you can expand your culinary skills and make the most of this traditional grinding method. Here are some recipe suggestions and ideas to inspire your next culinary adventure:


1) Classic Pesto Sauce


Prepare a traditional pesto sauce using a mortar and pestle by crushing fresh basil leaves, pine nuts, garlic, parmesan cheese, and olive oil. This fragrant and versatile sauce is perfect for enhancing pasta dishes and elevating sandwiches.


2) Delicious Guacamole


Create scrumptious and textured guacamole using a mortar and pestle by mashing ripe avocados together with diced tomatoes, onions, jalapeños, cilantro, lime juice, and salt. This method ensures perfect consistency and better flavor incorporation compared to using a fork or food processor.


3) Authentic Curry Paste


Craft your own curry paste with a mortar and pestle by grinding a combination of fresh or dried chilies, garlic, ginger, shallots, lemongrass, and spices like coriander, cumin, and turmeric. Homemade curry pastes offer richer, more genuine flavors and can be used in various dishes, from stir-fries to soups.


4) Aromatic Herb Blends


Create vibrant and fragrant herb blends using a mortar and pestle by combining fresh herbs such as basil, parsley, cilantro, or mint with a hint of garlic and olive oil. These homemade herb concoctions can be used as a marinade, salad dressing, or pasta sauce.


5) Custom Spice Blends and Rubs


Use a mortar and pestle to make your own spice blends and rubs by toasting and grinding whole spices like cumin seeds, coriander seeds, and peppercorns. Personalize your blends to match your taste preferences, and enrich the flavors of your favorite dishes, from succulent grilled meats to delicious roasted vegetables.


6) Creamy Aioli Sauce and Mayonnaise


Prepare a smooth and creamy aioli sauce or mayonnaise using a mortar and pestle by emulsifying egg yolks, garlic, mustard, and olive oil. This technique produces a velvety sauce that can be enjoyed as a dip, spread, or foundation for other sauces and dressings.




In conclusion, the mortar and pestle offers numerous benefits over modern blenders. By embracing traditional grinding techniques, you can elevate your culinary skills and create recipes that are not only delicious but also deeply connected to the history and culture of various cuisines. So, the next time you find yourself reaching for a blender, consider the humble mortar and pestle as an alternative that might just surprise you with its effectiveness and charm.

And for those looking for a high-quality mortar and pestle, Pepe Nero's granite mortar and pestle is a top-notch choice. Crafted from durable granite, our mortar and pestles are designed to withstand heavy use and can grind your herbs, spices, and other ingredients to perfection. Get yours today and take your cooking game to the next level!

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