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May 21, 2023 9 min read


Have you ever wondered why the flavors in your favorite dishes taste so vibrant and complex? It might be because they were made with freshly ground spices and herbs. Grinding your own spices and herbs can be a game-changer for your cooking, elevating even the most basic meals to new heights of flavor. It not only gives your recipes an additional dimension, but it also allows you to have full control over the intensity of the flavor.

In this blog post, we'll show you everything you need to know about grinding your own herbs and spices, from the equipment you'll need to the techniques you'll use. So let's dive in and take your cooking to the next level!


Benefits of Grinding Your Own Spices and Herbs


Before we discuss how to grind your own spices and herbs, here are 4 reasons how this age-old practice can elevate your cooking and enhance your overall experience in the kitchen:


1) Enhances Flavor and Aroma


 putting spices in pot in while cooking

Credit: Envato Elements/ gstockstudio


Have you ever noticed the captivating aroma that fills the air when you grind your own spices at home, compared to the lackluster scent of pre-ground alternatives? The reason behind this lies in the release of essential oils that occurs when you take charge and grind your own spices and herbs. These oils are crucial to unlocking a more potent and flavorful experience in your cooking. Unfortunately, pre-ground alternatives often lose these precious oils over time as they are exposed to sunlight and light. As a result, they fail to deliver the same level of vibrant flavor and aromatic richness. 


2) Cost-Effective Option


When it comes to maximizing the value for your money, making your own herb and spice blends can be a more cost-effective option compared to purchasing pre-made blends from stores. Not only do store-bought blends add up in cost quickly, but they also have a shorter shelf life, which can lead to waste due to expiration. By opting for whole spices and herbs and grinding them yourself, you can extend their shelf life, as well as only grind the amount you need for a specific recipe. This approach is not only more budget-friendly, but it also guarantees that your herbs and spices are fresher, resulting in an elevated flavor in your dishes.


3) Guarantees Purity and Control Over Ingredients 


 spices in mortar and pestle

Credit: Envato Elements/ SteveAllenPhoto999


Grinding your own herbs and spices ensures that they are free from additives, fillers, and preservatives commonly found in pre-ground products. This enables you to cook meals that are more natural, healthier, and flavorful. Additionally, grinding your own herbs and spices at home helps you stay away from cross-contamination and any allergens that could be present in commercially processed herbs and spices. By being in charge of the grinding process, you can easily cater to dietary restrictions and preferences while preserving the taste and quality of your dishes. 


4) Infinite Customization 


Grinding your own herbs and spices grants you the freedom to experiment with limitless customization possibilities. You can adjust spice ratios, explore various flavor profiles, experiment with different spices, and recipes, and so much more. This experimentation not only leads to the discovery of new and exciting flavor combinations but also provides an outlet for your culinary creativity. You can craft personalized spice blends that will leave a lasting impression on your guests and become signature staples in your kitchen. 


Tools You Will Need for Grinding Spices and Herbs


Before diving into the art of grinding spices and herbs, it's important to familiarize yourself with the essential tools that will help you achieve the best results. To help you out, we have compiled a list of different tools, each with its own unique advantages:


1) Grinding Tools


 spices in mortar and pestle

Credit: Envato Elements/ boomeart


When it comes to grinding spices and herbs, having the right grinding tool for the job is essential. Here are some options for you to consider:


Mortar and Pestle

A mortar and pestle is a traditional tool that has been used since ancient times to grind spices and herbs. These tools are made from materials like granite, marble, or ceramic and consist of a bowl-shaped mortar and a club-shaped pestle. The coarse surface of the mortar allows for better friction, ensuring that the spices are ground effectively. It is ideal for small quantities and offers a hands-on, authentic grinding experience.


Electric Spice Grinder

An electric spice grinder is a convenient and efficient way to grind spices and herbs. These compact, powerful devices have a small chamber with stainless steel blades that can quickly reduce spices and herbs to fine powder. Electric spice grinders are perfect for those who want to save time and effort while still achieving consistent results. Some models even come with adjustable settings to control the coarseness of the grind.


Coffee Grinder

A dedicated coffee grinder can also be used for grinding herbs and spices. While similar in design to electric spice grinders, coffee grinders usually have larger chambers and can handle bigger quantities of spices and herbs. It's important to have a separate grinder for spices and herbs, as mixing them with your coffee can lead to cross-contamination of flavors. Look for a coffee grinder with adjustable settings to control the consistency of your spice blends.


Microplane Grater

A microplane grater is a versatile kitchen tool that can be used to grate hard spices like nutmeg or cinnamon. These graters feature razor-sharp stainless steel teeth that efficiently shave the spices into fine particles, releasing their full flavor. Although it may not be suitable for all types of spices, a microplane grater is a valuable tool to have in your kitchen for specific tasks.


Spice Mill

A spice mill, also known as a pepper mill or salt mill, is a manual grinder with a hand-crank mechanism. Although traditionally used for grinding peppercorns, this tool can also be used for other whole spices like coriander or cumin seeds. Spice mills come in various sizes and materials, such as wood, stainless steel, or acrylic. Like electric spice grinders, they often feature adjustable settings, allowing you to control the coarseness of the grind.


Blender or Food Processor

Blenders or food processors are electric devices that grind spices and herbs in a pinch. While they may not provide the same level of control and consistency as a dedicated spice grinder, these appliances can still get the job done, especially when dealing with larger quantities. Just ensure that the spices are evenly distributed and use short pulses to avoid over-processing.


2) Sieve


A sieve is a crucial tool in refining the texture of freshly ground spices and herbs. It helps to achieve a uniform texture and eliminates any larger particles that might have been overlooked during the grinding process. With sieves available in different mesh sizes, it's important to select the one that will provide the desired level of fineness for your spices. 


3) Airtight Containers


 spices in uniform glass jars

Credit: Envato Elements/ demopicture


Proper storage is crucial to maintaining the freshness and potency of your ground spices and herbs. Airtight containers, such as glass jars with tight-fitting lids or specialized spice tins, help protect your spices from exposure to air, light, and moisture, which can cause them to lose their flavor and aroma over time. When selecting containers, ensure that they have specialized vacuum seals or are specifically designed for storing spices and herbs. 


4) Labels


Clearly labeling your spice containers is an important step in managing your homemade spice blends. By creating informative and easily identifiable labels, you can keep track of the contents, preparation dates, and any additional information, such as ingredients or suggested uses. Labels can be as simple as handwritten tags or as elaborate as custom-designed stickers, depending on your personal preferences and organizational needs. 


Step-by-Step Guide to Grinding Spices and Herbs


Now that you're equipped with the essential tools and knowledge, it's time to embark on the exciting journey of grinding your own herbs and spices. Below, we'll walk you through the entire process, ensuring that you can confidently create your very own aromatic and flavorful spice blends:


Step 1: Choose Your Spices and Herbs 


 spices in bowls on table

Credit: Envato Elements/ towfiqu98


Select the spices and herbs you want to grind based on your recipe or personal preference. Some popular options include:


  • Cumin seeds
  • Coriander seeds
  • Cardamom pods
  • Black peppercorns
  • Fennel seeds
  • Cloves
  • Star anise
  • Dried chili peppers
  • Nutmeg
  • Cinnamon sticks
  • Dried basil
  • Dried oregano
  • Dried rosemary


You can also experiment with lesser-known spices and herbs to create your unique blends. Be sure to purchase high-quality, whole spices from a trusted supplier for the best results.


Step 2: Clean Your Spices 


Before grinding, it's essential to clean your spices and herbs to remove any dirt, debris, or contaminants. To do this, simply:


  • Rinse whole spices under cold running water and pat dry with a clean cloth or paper towel.
  • For dried herbs, gently brush off any dirt or dust using a clean, soft brush.


Step 3: Toast Your Spices (Optional)


 spices in oil in frying pan

Credit: Envato Elements/ wirestock


Toasting your spices before grinding is an optional step but can help to release their flavors and essential oils, enhancing their taste and aroma. To toast your spices:


  • Preheat a dry skillet over medium heat.
  • Add the whole spices (not herbs) to the skillet, ensuring they are spread out in a single layer.
  • Stir the spices frequently for 2-5 minutes, or until they become fragrant and slightly darker in color.
  • Transfer the toasted spices to a plate to cool before grinding.


Step 4: Grind Your Spices and Herbs


Now it's time to grind your spices and herbs using your chosen tool. Here's how to do it with each tool:


Mortar and Pestle:


  1. Place the cooled, toasted spices or dried herbs into the mortar (bowl).
  2. Use the pestle to crush the spices, applying firm pressure and grinding in a circular motion.
  3. Continue grinding until you achieve the desired consistency.

Electric Spice Grinder/ Blender/ Food Processor:


  1. Place the cooled, toasted spices or dried herbs into the spice grinder/ food processor/ blender's chamber.
  2. Secure the lid and pulse the grinder in short bursts until the desired consistency is reached. Avoid over-grinding, as this can create excessive heat and diminish the spices' flavor.
  3. Carefully remove the lid of the grinder and transfer the ground spices to a clean container.


Coffee Grinder:


  1. Ensure the coffee grinder is clean and free from coffee residue before adding the cooled, toasted spices or dried herbs.
  2. Grind the spices using short pulses until the desired consistency is reached.
  3. Transfer the ground spices to a clean container and thoroughly clean the grinder to prevent flavor contamination.


Microplane Grater:


  1. Hold the grater over a clean plate or bowl.
  2. Gently rub the hard spice (such as nutmeg or cinnamon) along the grater's surface, using a downward motion.
  3. Tap the grater to release any remaining ground spice.


Spice Mill:


  1. Adjust the coarseness setting on the mill to your desired level. Most spice mills include an adjustment knob or dial that lets you adjust the grind size.
  2. With one hand, hold the base of the mill firmly to keep it steady. With the other hand, grasp the handle of the mill and turn it in a clockwise direction to grind the spices.
  3. Keep grinding until you have the amount of spices you need, and then stop turning the handle.


Step 5: Sift Your Ground Spices (Optional) 


 sifting spices into bowl

Credit: Envato Elements/ marevgenna1985


For a more consistent texture, you can choose to sift your ground spices using a fine-mesh sieve. To do this:


  • Hold the sieve over a clean container.
  • Gently shake the ground spices through the sieve, discarding any larger particles left behind.
  • If you prefer a finer powder, repeat the sifting process until the desired consistency is achieved.


Step 6: Blend and Adjust Flavors (Optional)


If you're creating a spice blend, combine your freshly ground spices and herbs according to your desired recipe or flavor profile. Taste and adjust the proportions as needed, remembering that freshly ground spices will be more potent than pre-ground alternatives.


Step 7: Store Your Ground Spices and Herbs 


 spices labeled in glass jars uniform

Credit: Envato Elements/ mariiaplosh


Proper storage is crucial to maintaining the freshness and potency of your ground spices and herbs. To store them:


  • Transfer the ground spices and herbs to clean, airtight containers.
  • Label the containers with the spice or herb name and the date of grinding.
  • Store the containers in a cool, dark, and dry place away from direct sunlight or heat sources.
  • Use your freshly ground spices and herbs within six months for optimal flavor.


Step 8: Enjoy Your Culinary Creations


Now that you've successfully ground your own spices and herbs, it's time to incorporate them into your cooking! Experiment with new recipes or add a fresh twist to your favorite dishes, and enjoy the unmatched flavor and aroma that only freshly ground spices and herbs can provide.




Grinding your own herbs and spices is a simple and rewarding process that can elevate your home cooking to new levels of flavor and creativity. By following this comprehensive guide, you can enjoy the benefits of fresher, more potent spices and herbs, experiment with unique blends, and create truly memorable dishes.

To achieve the best results in your spice grinding, consider investing in Pepe Nero's granite mortar and pestle. Made from high-quality granite, this kitchen tool is perfect for grinding spices and herbs to your preferred consistency, ensuring you get the most potent flavors out of your ingredients. Its sturdy construction and ergonomic design make it easy to use, and its sleek, sophisticated appearance will add a touch of elegance to your kitchen. Shop with us today.

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